Many candidates for immigration prefer to apply under the Quebec programs because it is faster in some cases, or because they don’t qualify for other programs. Recent studies have shown that many of those who hold a Quebec Selection Certificate land in other provinces. Some of them don’t care about the consequences; others think that if it worked for a neighbor, it will work for them too.
Section 6 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms says that
Every citizen of Canada and every person who has the status of a permanent resident of Canada has the right
a) to move to and take up residence in any province; and
b) to pursue the gaining of a livelihood in any province.
Based on that many people consider that they are not obliged to reside in the province of Quebec. However, they do not take into consideration the fact that at the moment of landing with the permanent resident visa in hands they are not permanent residents yet, which grants the right to the border officer to deny the entry. It is important to mention that it has happened before, when the officers suspected that the person has no intention to establish in Quebec.
Obviously some people may think that if they do land in Quebec and few days after they move to other provinces, there should be no problem. However we would like to remind that every candidate signs a Declaration of Intent to reside in Quebec before the visa is issued. And legally, if there was no effort to establish in this province, the permanent resident status could be cancelled.
It is true that life is unpredictable, and after spending one, two or even five years in Quebec, some people find a good job or get married elsewhere in Canada and they decide to move. There is no problem with that, as permanent residents they do have the right to mobility.
We feel it is important to mention that at any time the Quebec and Canadian Government may impose new regulations in this respect and severe consequences for those who do not respect the declarations they have made. People should keep in mind that they may be denied entry when landing for the first time in a different province, or they may have problems when applying for citizenship.
The Declaration of intent to reside in the province of Quebec is not a simple paper the candidates are signing. It is a serious agreement that they make and everyone should respect it.